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Table 1 Substance use among prisoners and oral health (DT, DMFT, MT, ETW) (Literature review)

From: Erosive tooth wear and use of psychoactive substances among Finnish prisoners

References Year Country Substance use among prisoners Sample size M male Age, years Mean (SD) D/DMF (SD) Tooth wear/ETW prevalence
Akaji & Folaranmi 2013 Nigeria 52.2% smokers n = 230, M 97% 28 (9.5) DMF Mean 2 (0.8)
Smokers 2 (0.7)
Non-smokers 2 (0.8)
Almas et al. 2007 Saudi Arabia 98% smokers
61% alcohol drinkers
41% cannabis users
n = 100
M 56%
31 (8.9) Cervical erosion/abrasion
Total 33%
Males 16%
Females 55%
Boyer et al. 2015 USA 87% smokers, 58% alcohol consumers, 55% methamphetamine (MA) users, 52% marijuana users, 24% cocaine users, 3% heroin users MA users n = 95
M 79%
Non-MA users n = 79, M 94%
30 (8.3) D:
MA users 8 (6.2)
Non-MA users 6 (5.1)
Brown et al. 2013 USA Alcohol consumers 60%, methamphetamine users 60% MA users n = 59,
M 80%
Non-MA users n = 40, M 80%
33 (10.8)
MA users 32 (9.3)
Non-MA users 33 (12.8)
D
MA users 9 (5.9)
Non-MA users 7 (5.4)
MA smokers 9 (6.1)
Non-oral MA users (intravenous/
intranasal) 7 (5.1)
DMF
Total 14 (6.7)
MA users 15 (6.3)
Non-MA users 12 (7.0)
MA smokers 16 (6.2)
Non-oral MA users (intravenous/
intranasal) 13 (6.3)
Heidari et al. 2007 Great Britain 84% alcohol consumers, 78% smokers, 55% cannabis smokers, 66% cocaine, 39% heroin, crack cocaine 12% n = 78 36 (9.6) D 4 (2.7)
DMF 14 (7.5)
Osborn et al. 2003 Australia   n = 789, M 83% M 34 (12.4)
F 33 (10.5)
D 3
DMF 20
Reddy et al. 2012 India 59% beedi tobacco, 7.5% smokers, 6% beedi+smoking, 53% tobacco chewing, 39% tobacco chewing+smoking (beedi = indian tobacco) n = 800, M 90% 41 (12.25) DMF 5 (2.9)
Rouxel et al. 2013 Great Britain 66% current smokers, 11% past smokers, 23% never smoked n = 103, females 31 (9.6) D 3 (2.5)
DMF 12 (7.5)
  1. Beedi: Indian tobacco product