Skip to main content

Table 2 Differences in gender for trait anxiety, fear of COVID-19, dental fear, frequency and duration of self-contact

From: Anxiety and facial self-contacts: possible impact on COVID-19 transmission in dental practice

   Gender
Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) t p d
Sample Man Woman
n = 124 n = 64 n = 60
Trait-anxiety 22.6 (18.1) 17.7 (15.7) 27.7 (19.1) 3.15 0.002** 0.56
Dental-fear 19.1 (8.3) 16 (6.7) 22.3 (8.7) 4.46 0.001** 0.80
Fear of COVID-19 17.4 (9.1) 16.3 (8.8) 18.5 (9.2) 1.38 0.171 0.24
Face contact frequency 7.1 (4.8) 6.2 (4.2) 8.2 (5.2) 2.28 0.024* 0.42
Mask contact frequency 4.1 (2.9) 3.6 (2.6) 4.8 (3.1) 2.25 0.026* 0.41
Eyes contact frequency 3 (1.9) 2.6 (1.6) 3.4 (2.1) 2.34 0.021* 0.42
Duration of face contact 0.7 (0.6) 0.5 (0.2) 0.6 (0.3) 2.01 0.047* 0.37
Duration of mask contact 0.4 (0.4) 0.3 (0.1) 0.3 (0.1) 1.97 0.051 0.33
Duration of eye contact 0.2 (0.1) 0.2 (0.1) 0.2 (0.1) 2.00 0.048* 0.34
  1. *Significant at the 0.05 level
  2. **Significant at the 0.01 level
  3. SD = Standard deviation. d de Cohen; Effect size small ≈ 0.20; Effect size medium ≈ 0.50; Effect size large ≈ 0.80